Surviving World War III
These discoveries were carefully collected and described by a host of extraordinarily fine, dedicated paleontologists, including (in addition to those mentioned above) E. H. Colbert, W. Granger, C. W. Gilmore, J. B. Hatcher, L. M. Lambe, A. F. de Lapparent, R. S. Lull, W. D. Matthew, A. K. Rozhdestvensky, R. M. Sternberg, and C. C. Young. Each of these remarkable men made important contributions, and the full story of each would fill a book as long as this. It's really a shame that space keeps us from highlighting their lives and work. Yet no account of dinosaur paleontologists should omit the brilliant Baron Franz von Nopcsa -paleontologist, Albanian nationalist, polyglot, and spy for the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I (Box 14.8).
Of some American millionaire and would pledge Albania as an ally to the Empire in exchange for recognition as King. As far as is known, his proposal received no response, although he continued his spy work in Romania during World War I. Despite his international activities, Nopcsa was a private man. He lived most of his life in Vienna, except for two years as Director of the Hungarian Geological Survey in Budapest. Living with him was his secretary, friend, and lover, Bajazid Elmas Doda, an Albanian he met in 1906. Transylvania was ceded to Romania after World War I and the Nopcsa estate was lost. Thereafter, Nopcsa's mental health declined and early in the morning of 15 April, 1933, he dosed Bajazid's tea with sleeping powder and then shot him. Going into his work room, Nopcsa wrote a suicide note and then killed himself.
With a large collection of other fossils from Alberta. All these were shipped across the Atlantic in 1916, in the midst of World War I. The Canadian transport vessel Mount Temple, carrying the 22 boxes loaded with fossil bones, was targeted by a German raider ship painted to resemble a tramp freighter, so that it could sneak up on merchant ships and then destroy them. Fitted with camouflaged deck guns and torpedo tubes, the SMS Moewe was heavily armed. After a brief attack the Mount Temple was sunk with her fossil cargo. The vessel lies today in more than 14,000 feet of water, in the general region of the wreck of the Titanic. The Mount Temple is the only known sunken ship to carry major dinosaur fossils. In his later memoirs Sternberg was very bitter about this loss of the irreplaceable treasures his hard work had produced.
Tarbosaurus bataar, a big predator with a striking resemblance to T. rex. Skeletons of T. bataarhave been found several times in Mongolia's Gobi Desert, the first immediately after World War Q*. A Russian paleontologist suggested that Tarbosaurus was intermediate between Albertosaurus and Tyrannosaurus, but the truth is Tarbosaurus is a lot closer to Tyrannosaurus than anything else. You have to look very hard to find the differences between Tarbosaurus bataar and Tyannosaurus rex , so hard that Tarbosaurus is considered by some an invalid genus. Instead, the Mongolian giants could be grouped as Tyrannosaurus bataar, in the same genus as their American cousin, T. rex.
OPERATION DESERT CRUST Gulf war veterans may be surprised by an admission buried in a patent filed by the US government's Naval Research Laboratory the polyacrylamide compound used since the second world war to stop dust blowing off desert airfields and roads degrades to an acrylamide monomer that is a known neurotoxin to humans , says the patent. So the lab has developed a safe alternative. Granulated sugar or com syrup is mixed with dishwashing liquid, phosphate, starch and water to form a hard crust on dusty land or sand. Tests by the Marine Corps in the desert near Yuma, Arizona, show the crust can withstand the downdraught from heavy-lift helicopters. It can also protect dusty land a gainst wind erosion (WO 2005 02167* ).
In a picture taken at the MIT Radiation Laboratory during World War II, his hat at a jaunty angle and a cigarette dangling from his lips, a cocky smile on his face and a coil of wire strung around his neck, Luis Alvarez appears not as the stereotypical dull, introverted scientist but more like a cross between Indiana Jones and Humphrey Bogart (Figure 1). He was a man who lived life to the fullest and continued seeking new challenges long after most would have begun to rest on their laurels. By his own description, his style was to flit from research problem to research problem, often to the consternation of his co-workers and students and especially his mentor, Lawrence. But during a period when physics was advancing rapidly and opportunities abounded, his method made him unusually versatile and productive. In the early days of World War II, he worked to improve the radar system that played such a crucial role in the Allied victory. From there, he went to Los Alamos to become one of...
The size of Stromer's Spinosaurus eclipsed that of the more famous Tyrannosaurus, first described in 1905. Spinosaurus might have become one of the most familiar of all dinosaurs were it not for World War II. As fate would have it, the events of that war were to thrust Stromer's work into relative obscurity for many years. The fossils that represented his life's work including Spinosaurus were stored in the Alte Akademie Museum in Munich. On April 24, 1944, Britain and Germany were at war. The British Royal Air Force, while dropping bombs on a nearby military target, accidentally set fire to the museum housing Stromer's fossils. After the fire, all that remained of the spectacular Spinosaurus were Stromer's stories, field notes, and published descriptions. Although Stromer's magnificent specimen of Spinosaurus was destroyed during World War II, the search for another specimen has been revived by a new generation of paleontologists. In 1999, armed only with Stromer's sketchy field...
Where Can I Get Alive after the Fall Review
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