A. Technical literature specifically referred to in the text

Angelin, N. P. 1851-78. Palaeontologica Scandinavica. Crustacea formationis transitionis, I and II. Holmiae, Stockholm: 1851, 1854-1878. Rev. ed. edited by G. Lindstrom.

Beddard, F. E. 1884. Report on the Isopoda collected by H. M. S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. Part I. The Genus Serolis.

'Challenger' Reports, Zool. 11:1-85.

Beecher, C. E. 1897. Outline of a natural classification of the trilobites. Am. J. Sci. ser. 4, vol. 3, no. 13:89-106, 181-207, pi. 3.

Bergstrom, J. 1973a. Organization, life and systematics of trilobites. Fossils and Strata, no. 2. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget Oslo.

_. 1973b. Classification of olenellid trilobites and some Balto-scandian species. Norsk Geol. Tidsskr. 53:283-314.

_. 1989. The origin of animal phyla and the new phylum

Procoelomata. Lethaia 22: 259-69.

Bergstrom, J., and R. Levi-Setti. 1978. Phenotypic variation in the Middle Cambrian trilobite Paradoxides davidis Salter at Manuels, SE Newfoundland. Geologica et Palaeontologica (Marburg) 12:1-40.

Bragger, W. C. 1878. Om Paradoxidesskifrene ved Krekling. Nytt. Mag. Naturvid. 24:18-88. Oslo.

Burtt, E. T., and W. T. Catton. 1966. The role of diffraction in compound eye vision. In The functional organization of the compound eye, edited by C. G. Bernhard, pp. 63-76. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Chen, J-Y., J. Bergstrom, M. Lindstrom, and X. Hou. 1991. Fossilized soft-

bodied fauna. National Geographic Research & Exploration 7(1):8-19. Cisne, J. L. 1973. The anatomy of Triarthrus eatoni and its bearing upon the phylogeny of the Trilobita and Arthropoda. Ph.D. diss. University of Chicago. See also: Anatomy of Triarthrus and the relationships of the Trilobita. Fossils and Strata, no. 4 (1975):45—63. Oslo:

Universitetsforlaget Oslo. See also: Triarthrus eatoni (Trilobita): Anatomy of its exoskeletal, skeletomuscular, and digestive systems. Palaeontographica Americana 9, no. 53 (1981). Clarkson, E. N. K. 1966. Schizochrol eyes and vision in some phacopid trilobites. Paleontology 9:464-87.

_. 1968. Structure of the eye of Crozonaspis struvei. Senckenbergiana

Lethaea 49:383-93.

_. 1969. On the schizochroal eyes of three species of Reedops

(Trilobita: Phacopidae) from the Lower Devonian of Bohemia. Royal Society of Edinburgh Transactions 68:183-205.

_. 1971. On the early schizochroal eyes of Ormathops. (Trilobita,

Zeliskellinae). Mem. Bur. Rech. Geol. Mineral. Paris 73:51-63.

_. 1973a. The eyes of Asaphus raniceps Dalman (Trilobita).

Palaeontology 16: 425 A 4.

_. 1973b. Morphology and evolution of the eye of Upper Cambrian

Olenidae (Trilobita). Palaeontology 16:735-63.

_. 1975. The evolution of the eye in trilobites. Fossils and Strata, no.

4:7—31. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget Oslo.

Clarkson, E. N. K., and R. Levi-Setti. 1975. Trilobite eyes and the optics of

Descartes and Huygens. Nature 254: 663-67. Dalman, J. W. 1827. Om Palaeaderna eller de sa Kallade Trilobiterna. K.

Sven. Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 1:226-94. D'Arcy-Thompson, W. 1942. On growth and form. Cambridge, U.K.:

Cambridge University Press. Descartes, R. 1637. La geometric Originally published in 1637. Reproduced in Oeuvres de Descartes, vol. 6, edited by C. Adam and P. Tannery. Paris: Librairie Philosophique, J. Vrin.

Easton, W. H. 1960. Invertebrate paleontology. New York: Harper and Bros. Eights, J. 1833. Description of a new Crustaceous animal found on the shores of the South Shetland Islands. Transactions Albany Institute 2: 53-57.

Eldredge, N. 1972. Systematica and evolution of Phacops rana (Green, 1832) and Phacops iowensis Delo, 1935 (Trilobita) from the Middle Devonian of North America. Bull.. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 147:49-113.

Eldredge, N., and S. J. Gould. 1972. Punctuated equilibria; an alternative to phyletic gradualism. In Models in Paleobiology, edited by T. J. M. Schopf, pp. 82-115. San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper & Co.

Emmrich, H. F. 1839. Ueber die Trilobiten. Neues Jahrb. MineraL (Stuttgart) 1845:18-52.

Exner, S. 1891 .Die Physiobgie der facettierten Augen von Krebsen und

Insekten. Leipzig and Vienna: Verlag Fr. Deuticke. Fritz, W. H. 1972. Lower Cambrian trilobites from the Selcwi Formation type section, Mackenzie Mountains, Northwestern Canada. Geol. Survey of Canada Bull. 212.

Gould, S. J., and N. Eldredge. 1977. Punctuated equilibria: The tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology 3:115-51. Greguss, P. 1985. The Tube Peeper: A new concept in endoscopy. Optics and Laser Technology 17:41—45-

Hartline, H. K. 1969. Visual receptors and retinal interaction. Science 164:270-78.

Henningsmoen, G. 1951. Remarks on the classification of trilobites. Norsk

Geol Tidsskr. 29:174-217.

Hoglund, G. 1966. Pigment migration and retinular sensitivity. In The functional organization of the compound eye, edited by C. G. Bernhard, pp. 77—88, Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Horridge, G. A. 1969. The eye of the firefly Photuris. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 171:445-63.

Horvath, G. 1989. Geometric optical optimization of the corneal lens of

Notonecta glauca. J. Theor. Biol. 139:389-404.

Horvath, G., and D. Varjii. 1991. Theoretical study of the optimal shape of the front profile of the lens in the eye of the scallop, Pecten. Manuscript, Central Res. Inst. Physics Hung. Acad. Sci., Biophys. Group, Budapest.

Howell, B. F. 1925. The fauna of the Paradoxides beds at Manuels,

Newfoundland. Bull Am. Paleontl. 11, no. 43:1-140. Hupe, P. 1953. Classification des trilobites. Ann. Paleontl. 39 (1953): 59168 and 41 (1955):91-325.

Hutchinson, R. D. 1962. The stratigraphy and trilobite faunas of southeastern Newfoundland. Geol. Survey Canada, Bull. 88: 1—156.

Huygens, C. 1690. Traite de la Lumiere. Originally published in French, Leiden: Pierre van der Aa. English translation by S. P. Thompson, 1912. Reprinted 1962, New York: Dover Publications. Jaekel, O. 1909. Ueber die Agnostiden. Z. Dtsch. Geol. Ges. (Berlin) 61: 380-401.

Jell, P. A. 1975. The abatochroal eye of Pagetia, a new type of trilobite eye.

Kummel, B. 1970. History of the earth: An introduction to historical geology.

2d ed. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co. Kummel, B., and D. Raup, eds. 1965. Handbook of paleontological techniques. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co. Lake, P. 1935. A monograph of the British Cambrian trilobites. Paleontogr.

Soc. Monogr. (London) 9: 197-224. Land, M. F. 1965. Image formation by a concave reflector in the eye of the scallop, Pecten maximus. J. Physiol. (London) 179:138—153. Levi-Setti, R. 1975. Trilobites—A photographic atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Levi-Setti, R. D. Park, and R. Winston. 1973. The corneal cones of Limulus as optimized light and concentrators. Nature 253: 115—16.

Lindstrom, G. 1901. Researches on the visual organs of the trilobites. K.

Sven. Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 34:1-89.

Linnaeus, C. 1753. In C. G. Tessin, Museum Tessinianum, p. 98, table 3, fig. 1. Holmiae, Stockholm, 1753. Milne-Edwards, H. 1840. Histoire naturelle des crustaces. Paris. Moore, R. C, ed. 1959. Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Part O.

Lawrence, KS: Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press. This is the basic and most comprehensive reference on trilobites. Miiller, J. 1826. Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtsinnes. Leipzig: Cnobloch.

Miiller, K. J., and D. Walossek. 1987. Morphology, ontogeny, and life habits of Agnostus pisiformis from the Upper Cambrian of Sweden. Fossils and Strata, no. 19:1-56. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget Oslo.

Nathorst, A. G. 1907. In Carl von Linnes betydelse Sasom Naturforskare och Lakare. Skildringar Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien, Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckei-A-B. Plate 2.

Opik, A. A. 1961. Alimentary caeca of agnostids and other trilobites.

Palaeontology 3:410-38.

Rasetti, F. 1947. Notes on techniques in invertebrate paleontology. /.

Paleontology 21:397-98.

Rasetti, F. 1972. Cambrian Trilobites of Sardinia. Atti Accademia Nazionale del Lincei. Memorie. Classe Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, series 8, Vol.11:1-100.

Raymond, P. E. 1939. Prehistoric life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Richter, R. 1933. Crustacea (Palaontologie). In Handworterbuch der Naturwissenschafien. 2d ed., vol. 2, no. 840—64.

Roy, S. K. 1933. A new Devonian trilobite from southern Illinois. Fieldiana: Geology 6:67-82.

Schwind, R. 1980. Geometrical optics of the Notonecta eye: Adaptations to optical environment and way of life. /. Comp. Physiol. A 140: 59-68.

Scotese, C. R., and W. S. McKerrow. 1990. Revised world maps and an introduction. In Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography, edited by W. S. McKerrow, and C. R. Scotese, The Geol. Soc. Memoir, no. 12, pp. 1-21.

Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1990. The taxonomic structure of periodic extinction. In

Global catastrophes in Earth history, An interdisciplinary conference on impacts, volcanism, and mass mortality, edited by V. L. Sharpton and P. D. Ward, Geol. Soc. Am. Special Paper 247:33-44.

Sheppard, E. M. 1933. Isopod Crustacea, Part I. The Family Serolidae.

Discovery Reports 7: 253-362.

Shrock, R. R., and W. H. Twenhofel. 1953. Principles of invertebrate paleontology. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Snodgrass, R. E. 1952. A textbook of arthropod anatomy. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing Assoc.

Srormer, L. 1930. Scandinavian Trinucleidae with special reference to

Norwegian species and varieties. Vid. Akad. Oslo Skrifi., I. Mat. Nat. Kl. 4, 111 pp. Oslo.

Struve, W. 1982. Neue Untersuchungen iiber Geesops (Phacopinae; Unter-und Mittel-Devon. S enckenbergiana Lethaea 63: 473-95.

Stiirmer, W. 1970. Soft part of Cephalopods and Trilobites: Some surprising results of X-ray examinations of Devonian slates. Science 17 0:1300-1302.

Sturmer, W., and J. Bergstrom. 1973. New discoveries on trilobites by X-rays. Paldont. Z. 47:104-41.

Towe, K. M. 1973. Trilobite eyes: Calcified lenses in vivo. Science 179:1,007-9.

Walcott, C. D. 1884. On the Cambrian faunas of North America, preliminary studies. U.S. Geol. Surv., Bull. no. 10.

Westergard, A. H., 1936. Paradoxides oelandicus beds of Oland. Sveriges Geol. Undersokning (Arsbok) 30, no. 1.

_. 1939. On Swedish Cambrian Asaphidae. Sveriges Geol. Undersokning

_. 1952. Non-Agnostidean trilobites of the Middle Cambrian of

Sweden. Sveriges Geol. Undersokning (Arsbok) 46, no.2.

Whittington, H. B. 1985. The Burgess Shale. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Xianguang, H., L. Ramskold, and J. Bergstrom. 1991. Composition and preservation of the Chengjiang fauna—a Lower Cambrian soft-bodied biota. Zoohgica Scripta 20:395A11.

Zhang, X-G., and E. N. K. Clarkson. 1990. The eyes of lower Cambrian Eodiscid trilobites. Palaeontology, 33:911-932.

B. Relevant books on invertebrate paleontology, zoology, and evolution that have been sources of much of the information incorporated in this atlas

Bernhard, C. C, ed. 1966. The junctional organization of the compound eye. Proc. Int. Symp., Stockholm, Oct. 1965. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Clarkson, E. N. K. 1986. Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution. 2d ed. London: Allen & Unwin.

Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the origin of species. Reprinted 1982. New York: Columbia University Press.

Easton, W. H. 1960. Invertebrate paleontology. New York: Harper and Bros.

Gould, S. J. 1989. Wonderful life—The Burgess shale and the nature of history. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. An exciting account of the revolutionary findings of the Burgess fauna and its implications on our views concerning the diversity of life forms.

Hupe, P. 1953. Classe des trilobites. In vol. 3 of Traite de paleontologie, edited by J. Piveteau. Paris: Masson et Co.

Kummel, B. 1970. History of the earth: An introduction to historical geology. 2d ed. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co.

McMenamin, M. A. S., and D. L. S. McMenamin. 1989. The emergence of animals—The Cambrian breakthrough. New York: Columbia University Press. Another exciting look at the drama of the Cambrian explosion.

Mayr, E. 1942. Systematics and the origin of species. Reprinted 1982. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rockstein, M. 1964. The physiology of insecta. New York: Academic Press.

Schrock, R. R., and W. H. Twenhofel. 1953. Principles of invertebrate paleontology. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc.

Snajdr, M. 1990. Bohemian trilobites. Prague: The Geological Survey.

Waterman, T. H. 1961. The physiology of Crustacea. New York: Academic Press.

C. Other sourcebooks on fossils, fossil collecting, and trilobites

Boardman, R. S., A. H. Cheetham, and A. J. Rowell, eds. 1987. Fossil invertebrates. Palo Alto, CA: Blackwell Scientific Publications. A broad coverage of the fossil record of invertebrates, with a nicely illustrated chapter on the Arthropoda by R. A. Robison and R. L. Kaesler.

Eldredge, N. 1991. Fossils—The evolution and extinction of species. New York: H. N. Abrams, Inc. An up-to-date view of the fossil record and its interpretation, in large, elegant format.

Gunther, L. F., and V. G. Gunther. 1981. Some Middle Cambrian fossils of Utah. Brigham Young University Geology Studies, vol. 28, part 1. A nicely illustrated guide to Utah's trilobite collecting and fauna.

MacFall, R. P., and J. Wollin. 1972. Fossils for amateurs. New York: Van Nostrand. Broad coverage of fossil collecting and preparation. (Several photographs originate from R. Levi-Setti, apparently without knowledge on the part of the authors, and the fossils represented are unfortunately misidentified.)

Miiller, A. H. 1962. Aus Jahrmillionen: Tiere der Vorzeit. Jena: G. Fisher

Verlag. A beautiful collection of large-format photographs of invertebrate and vertebrate fossils, in black and white.

Other sourcebooks on fossils, fossil collecting, and trilobites

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