Index

Abelson, Philip, 16, 126 acid rain, 178

Adams, Robert McCormick, 154

Adventures of a Physicist (Alvarez), 3

Agassiz, Louis, 31-32

Alberta, Canada, 169

Albion Island, Belize, 110-111

Alroy, John, 212, 213

146-147, 149, 152, 160-161, 173. Figure 1:1; Figure 2: 10 letter from Hiroshima, 5 meteorite theory, 15, 11-21, 36, 39, 48, 52, 56-66, 86, 105, 106, 126, 130-131, 139-141, 144-145, 157, 159-165, 170, 174, 175-176, 183, 204, 207,212-221 theory attacked, 20, 24-27, 33, 34, 67-84

wins Nobel Prize in physics, 4, 6 Zapruder film, 5 Alvarez, Walter, xiv, 5-6, 7, 9-21, 25, 39,

67-84, 99, 106, 179-180 American Museum of Natural History,

25-26 American Scientist, 162 ammonites, 135-137, 146-148. Figure

18: 135 Anbar, A. D., 78 Antarctica, 86, 155 Archibald, David, 149, 150, 162, 168,

172, 174 Aristarchus of Samos, 35 Arroyo el Mimbral, Mexico, 111-113 Arthur, Michael, 201 Asaro, Frank, 13, 14, 16, 126

astronauts, 38-39

astronomy, 37

atomic bomb, 1,5, 18

Atomic Energy Commission, 164

Bacon, Francis, 215

Baines, Kevin, 178

Bakker, Robert, 163

Bay of Biscay, Spain, 146-147

Beloc Formation, 102, 119

Benton, Michael, 159, 165, 168

Berea, Kentucky, vii, 43

bioturbation, 73, 76, 77, 133-134

Blum, Joel, 110, 114

Bourgeois, Joanne, 111

Boynton, William, 102, 107

Braman, Dennis, 64

Bryant, Laurie, 172

Brazos River,Texas, 111, 153

Brown, Barnum, 169

Browne, Malcolm, 82-83, 163-164

Bucher, Walter, 26, 43,81

Byars, Carlos, 104

Camargo, Antonio, 102-104 Cambrian era, 7, 194. Figure 2: 8 Caravaca, Spain, 19-20 Carlisle, David, 64, 143-144 catastrophism, 28-29, 33 Cenozoic era, 7

crater ages, Figure 26: 207 CERN, Geneva, 6 Chamberlain, Page, 110, 114

Chesapeake Bay, 191 Chicxulub, Mexico, 103-110, 125-126, 179, 180, 185, 194, 211, 213, 219. Figure 14: 105 Clarke, Arthur C, 16 Clemens, William, 146, 149, 161-164, 173

Colbert, E. H., 25-26 Colorado Plateau, 42 computer modeling, 18 comets, 185, 219

see also Halley's Comet Concordia, 116-120. Figure 15: 117. continental drift, xvi, 35 Cope, Edward Drinker, 66 Courtillot, Vincent, 209 craters, 36A19, 192-196. Table 5: 194 candidates for impact-kill curve,

Table 6: 195 periodicity of 206-210 Cretaceous era, 7, 9, 10, 55, 163, 167, 169, 170, 172-173, 174, 178, 188. Figure 2: 8 "Cretaceous-Tertiary Events and the

Caribbean Caper," 107 Cuppy, Will, x Cuvier, Baron, 175

Daly, Reginald, 38

Darwin, Charles, 25, 127, 131, 146, 196 dating by iridium, 12-16 by magnetic time scale, 10-11 radiometric, 116 Davis, Donald, 38 "deep time," 27

Delft, Netherlands, laboratory, 20

Desolation Island, 155

Dietz, Robert, 24, 44

"Dig a Dinosaur" program, 173

Dinosaur Extinction and the End of an

Era (Archibald), 174 dinosaurs fossil evidence, 168-175 mystery of disappearance, ix-xvi size, ix time of demise, ix See also Triceratops; Tyrannosaurus rex Discover, 26

Dodson, Peter, 168, 174, 175 Dott, Robert, 112

107, 155 Drucker, Peter, 172 Duller, Charles, 106, 107

Earth, core of, 12,13 El Chichon, 178 El Kef, Tunisia, 153, 154 Eldredge, Niles, 196-197 End of Science, The (Horgan), 221 Enola Gay, 5, 164 Eocene era, 191-192 Eoraptor, 167

erosion, 131-132. Figure 17: 131 Erwin, Douglas, 189-190, 210 evolution, 28-29, 32, 196-197 Evolution and Extinction of the

Dinosaurs, The (Fastovsky and Sheehan),167 extinction, 127-141, 201. Figure 16: 128

Big Five 186-188. Figure 22: 167; Figure 23: 193; Table 2: 129; Table 4: 187 periodicity, Figure 25: 200 studies, 159-168 Extinction: Bad Genes or Bad Luck?

(Raup), 127 "Extraterrestrial Cause for the

Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary," 126

Fastovsky, David, 167, 172, 174 Fischer, Alfred, 153, 201 Flagstaff, Arizona, 202 foraminifera, 151-157. Figure 21: 151 fossil record, 130-141, 196. Table 3: 140

French, Bevan, 80, 98 Frutexites, 186

Galaxy, 202 Galileo, 36

Geological Society ofAmerica, 171, 189 geology, xvi eras, 7-10 time, Figure 2: 8 gigapascal, 45

Gilbert, G. K., 25, 37, 42, 46, 217 Ginsburg, Robert, 77, 153 glaciation, 31-32 Gold, Thomas, 188

197, 204, 206 Grand Canyon, 133 Great Artiste, 5

Great Dinosaur Extinction Controversy

(Officer and Page), 180, 216 Great Paleozoic Crisis, The (Erwin), 189 Great Plains, 169 Grieve, Richard, 51, 207, 208 Gubbio, Italy, 7, 9-21, 35, 69, 70, 75, 77,

Haggerty, Bruce, 206

Haiti, 102, 109, 110

Hale-Bopp Comet, 49

Hall, Chris, 109

Hallam, Tony, 26

Halley, Edmond, 50

Halley's Comet, 50, 203

Hartmann, William, 38

Hayukatake Comet, 49

169-175 Hershel, William, 37 Hertogen, Jan, 20 Hess, Harry, 7

Hickey, Leo, 84, 149, 150, 161 Hildebrand, Alan, 102-103, 104, 107 Hoffman, Antoni, 204-206 Hooke, Robert, 37 Horgan, John, 221 Huber, Brian, 153-156 Hutton, James, 29-30, 33, 34, 211-212, 215

impact, 18-19, 25, 110, 125-141, 218-221 effects on life, 144-146 history of theory, 36 recognizing, 184-186 role of chance, 213-214 see also meteoric theory India, 85, 88

Deccan traps, 88 iridium, dating by, 11-16, 35, 5'-58,

Jablonski, David, 128,212 Jackson, Albert, 204 Jastrow, Robert, 160, 164 Jefferson, Thomas, 40 Jepsen, Glenn, ix, xi Johnson, Kirk, 84, 150 Jupiter, 39 Jurassic era, ', 188

Kalahari Desert, 188

Kamchatka, 86

Kamo, Sandra, 118, 119

Kant, Immanuel, 3'

Keller, Gerta, 111, 112, 152-156

Kelvin, Lord, 24-25

Kentland, Illinois, 44

Kerguelen Island, 155

Kilauea, Hawaii, 86

K-T boundary, Figure 9: 61

Kring, David, 108

Krogh, Tom, 118, 119-120

Kuhn, Thomas, xv, 214

Langley, Samuel Pierpont, 2' Laplace, Pierre-Simon, 36 lava, on sea floor, 9 Lawrence, Ernest, 4 Leakey, Meave, xi Levy, David, 50, 132

Lingula, 196 Lipps, J. H., 136 Liu, Chengjie, 154 Los Alamos, 4

Lunar and Planetary Institute, 105, 109 Lyell, Charles, 25, 30, 32, 33, 34, 211-212,215

Maastrichtian era, 8-9 MacLeod, Norman, 154-156 Maddox, John, 205 magnetism, 9

reversed, 12 magnetic time scale, 10

Gubbio as standard, 10 mammals, 212-214 Manhattan Project, 63 Manson, Iowa, 62, 81, 99-100, 114, 185,

207 Mars, 39

Marsh, Othniel, 66 Marshall, Charles, 148 Marvin, Ursula, 24, 34, 212 Maurrasse, Florentin McGhee, George, 187-188 McKee, Chris, 15 McLaren, Digby, 36 McPhee, John, 27, 28 Medawar, Sir Peter, 4 Meldahl, Keith, 138 Mendel, Gregor, 35 Mercury, 39

Mesozoic era, xii, 7; Figure 2: 8 Meteor Crater, Arizona, 25-40, 44, 109.

Figure 4: 41 meteorites, xvi, 12-21, 25, 34, 40-43, 177-180, 218-219 see also under Alvarez, Luis: meteorite theory; Meteor Crater methodological uniformitarianism, 31, 32-33

Meyerhoff, Arthur, 107, 113

migration, 132-133

Milwaukee Public Museum, 172, 173

Miocene era, 203

Mjolnir crater, 59

Monastersky, Richard, 189 Mongolia, 174 Montagnais crater, 194 Montana, 98, 168, 169, 178. See also

Hell dinosaur bed, 127, 134, 150 Moulton, F. R., 42 Mount Everest, 17 Mount St. Helens, 15, 176-177 Muller, Richard A., 203, 204, 207 Museum of Paleontology, 171-172

National Science Foundation, 220

Natural History, 103, 204

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles

County, viii natural law, 30 Nature, vii, 20, 36, 203, 205 New Scientist, 20 New York Times, 26 nuclear reactor, research, 13 nuclear weapons, 18 Nyos, Lake, 190

Ocampo, Adriana, 106, 107, 178, 179 Ocean Drilling Program (ODP),

154-156 Ockham's razor, 31, 34 Officer, Charles, xv, 6, 67-83, 85, 99, 107, 113-114, 120, 180, 216. Figure 10: 68 Oklahoma City terrorism, 19 Oligocene era, 191-192 Oort cloud, 203, 210 Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 164 Ordovician era, 192 Orth, Carl, 150 ozone layer, 18

Page, I, 111, 113-114, 120, 180, 216 Painted Desert, Arizona, 40 paleontology, x particle physics, 6 Pascal, Blaise, 9 Penfield, Glen, 102, 103-104 Permian period, 88, 188-191 Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), 103, 107-108

photosynthesis, 15, 178 Pinatubo, 178 Planck, Max, 24 Planet X, 204, 210 plants extinction, 161 fossil, 148-156

platinum group, 12

Pleistocene Ice Age, 166 Poag, Wylie, 191 pollen, 149

Pope, Kevin, 106, 107, 178, 179 Popigai Crater, Siberia, 64, 191

Popper, Karl, 55-56

Principles of Geology (Lyell), 30, 32 Proceedings of the National Academy of

Sciences, 202 pterodactyl, 127-141 Pu244, 14-15, 23

radioactive fallout, 18 Rampino, Michael, 84, 194, 202, 208-209

Raton Basin, Colorado, 75, 77-78, 119,

165-168, 192-196, 197, 199, 200-207, 216 kill curve, 193-196. Figure 24: 195 Renne, Paul, 189 Retallack, Gregory, 178, 189 Reunion Island, 86 reworking, 133-134 Ries Crater, 194 Ries diamonds, 64-65 Rigby, J. K, Jr., 171 rivers, channel cutting of, 134-135 Romein, A. J.T., 111 Royal Ontario Museum, 118 Royal Society, 15, 176 Russell, Dale, xii, xxiv, 14, 168-170, 174 Rutherford, Ernest, 164

Sagan, Carl, 18, 144 Schindewolf, Otto, 36 Schmitz, Birger, 86 Schopf,Tom, 159, 169

Schultz, Peter, 106

Science News, 189

sea level, changes in, 166-168, 169.

Figure 22: 167 Sepkoski, John, 129, 192, 199-209 serendipity, 21

Sharpton, Virgil "Buck," 105, 109 Sheehan, Peter, 167, 172, 173 Shoemaker, Carolyn, 50, 51 Shoemaker, Eugene, xvi, 132, 176, 193,

194,210 Shoemaker-Levy 9, 50, 176 Shoshone Gorge, 132 Siberia, 176, 189-190 Signor, P.W. I., 136 "Signor-Lipps effect," 136-140, 153,

169. Figure 19: 37; Figure 20: 139 Siljan crater, 188 Silurian era, 192 Sky and Telescope, 104 Smit, Jan, 16, 19-20, 76, 98, 99, 109,

111,152,153,171,214 Snowbird I, 57, 63, 166, 169 Snowbird II, 150 Snowbird III, 112 South Dakota, 100 space exploration, xiv, 37-39 spherules, 82-83, 87 Steinheim Basin, Germany, 43—44 Steno, Nicolaus, 28 Stinnesback, Wolfgang, 111-112 Stothers, Richard, 202-203, 207-209 substantive uniformitarianism, 32 Sudbury, Ontario, 24, 44, 79, 81.

Figure 5:45 Sun, 203

supernovae, 14-15, 162 Swisher, Carl, 106

tektites, 46

temperature, global, 162

Thierstein, Hans, 152

Toba, 80

Toon, Brian, 175

Triassic era, 7, 88, 188-190

Triceratops, 160 Tullock formation, 172 Turekian, Karl, 63 Tycho, 46, 47. Figure 7: 48 Tyrannosaurus rex, ix, 69, 160, 168, 169

uniformitarianism, 30-34, 211,212 University of California at Berkeley, vii Urey, Harold, 36, 215 Ussher, James, 28

Vail curve, 166 Verschuur, Gerrit, 103 da Vinci, Leonardo, 28 Vredefort Ring, South Africa, 44, 79, 81

Wasson, John, 58 Wegener, Alfred, 23-24, 35, 214 Wezel, F. C, '5, '6, 82 Whewell, William, 30-31, 211 Whiston, William, 25 Whitmore, Daniel, 204 William of Ockham, 31 Wilson, J. Tuzo, 24 Wyoming, 169

zircon, 115-121

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Telescopes Mastery

Telescopes Mastery

Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know all about the telescopes that can provide a fun and rewarding hobby for you and your family!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment