Info

Chapter 14 Theropoda lll:The early evolution of birds 333

The Mesozoic avialary 334

Getting to be a modern bird 340

Important readings 341

PART IV Endothermy,environments,and extinction 344

Chapter 15 Dinosaur thermoregulation: some like it hot 347

An enigma explored 347

Box 15.1 Warm-bloodedness:to have and have not 348

Is warm-bloodedness superior to cold-bloodedness? 349

Temperature regulation among vertebrates 349

Endothermic and ectothermic metabolism 350

Box 15.2 A primer on metabolism 351

Dinosaur endothermy: the evidence 353

Anatomy 353

Box 15.3 In the tracks of the dinosaurs 356

Box 15.4 Dinosaur smarts 361

Histology 362

Ecology 367

Box 15.5 Weighing in 370

Zoogeography 371

Phylogeny 374

Geochemistry 374

Opinions on dinosaur endothermy 376

Modern views on dinosaur metabolism 378

Important reading: 380

Chapter 13 Theropoda ll:The origin of birds Living birds

Archaeopteryx lithographica and the ancestry of living birds

Anatomy of Archaeopteryx The ancestry of living birds Living birds as dinosaurs

Pneumatic bones and feathers: adaptation versus inheritance The revolution of the 1990s: feathered dinosaurs

The origin of feathers The Liaoning fossils What, if anything, is a bird? Dissent

Box 13.1 Plus ga change ... Flight

Conclusions Important readings

Chapter 16 Patterns in dinosaur evolution 393

Box 16.1 The shape of tetrapod diversity 385

Box 16.2 Counting dinosaurs 386

Dinosaurs through time 337

LateTriassic (227-205 Ma) 337

Early Jurassic (205-190 Ma) 394

Middle Jurassic (190-159 Ma) 395

Late Jurassic (159-144 Ma) 395

Early Cretaceous (144-99 Ma) 396

Late Cretaceous (99-65 Ma) 397

Out with a whimper or a bang? 398

Plants and herbivores 402

Plants 403

Dinosaur and plant co-evolution 404

Box 16.3 Dinosaurs invent flowering plants? 406

Carnivorous dinosaurs 408

Important readings 409

Chapter 17 Reconstructing extinctions: the art of science 412

Extinctions 413

Resolving the past 415

Resolution: the "R word" 41 $

Higher taxa 419

Box 17.1 Full disclosure: the ugly truth about higher taxa 421

Important readings 422

Chapter 18 The Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction: the frill is gone 423

Geological record of the latest Cretaceous 424

Earth gets a makeover 424

Asteroid impact 425

Biological record of the latest Cretaceous 434

Oceans 435

Terrestrial record 437

Box 18.1 Dinosaurs and mass extinctions 442

Extinction hypotheses 443

Adhering to a scientific standard 443

Extinction hypotheses 444

Box 18.2: The real reason dinosaurs became extinct 446

Recovery 448

Toward a consensus? 449

Important readings 452

Glossary

Subject index 466

Generic index 475

Author index

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